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Diabetes explained in detail part 1

The term Diabetes includes a number of disorders in the process of demolishing and building - metabolism - carbohydrates. Natural metabolism Carbohydrates obtained by the body from eating bread,

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قديم 06-02-2020, 12:46 PM
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افتراضي Diabetes explained in detail part 1

Diabetes explained detail part tbl_diseases_disease

The term Diabetes includes a number of disorders in the process of demolishing and building - metabolism - carbohydrates.

Natural metabolism
Carbohydrates obtained by the body from eating bread, potatoes, rice, cakes and many other foods, gradually disintegrate and decompose.

This disintegration and degradation process begins in the stomach, then continues in the duodenum and in the small intestine.

This disintegration and decomposition process results in a group of sugars (Carbohydrate) that are absorbed into the blood circulation.

The internal secretion cells in the pancreas, called beta cells, are very sensitive to high blood sugar levels and secrete the insulin hormone (Insulin).

Insulin is an essential bridge for the entry of sugar molecules, glucose, into the muscles where it is used as an energy source, and to the fat and liver tissue where it is stored.

Glucose also reaches the brain, too, but without insulin help.

In the pancreas, another type of cell is the alpha cells, which secrete another additional hormone called glucagon. This hormone causes sugar to be excreted from the liver and activates other hormones that block insulin.

Balancing these two hormones (insulin and glucagon) keeps the blood glucose level constant and avoids acute changes.

Those who have a lot of physical weight who need a lot of physical activity need a small amount of insulin to balance the glucose action that reaches the blood. The more obese and less fit the person, the more insulin is needed to treat a similar amount of glucose in the blood. This condition is called "insulin resistance."

Diabetes


When the beta cells in the pancreas are damaged, the amount of insulin secreted decreases gradually, and this process continues for many years.

If this condition is accompanied by the presence of "insulin resistance", then this combination of a small amount of insulin and a low level of effectiveness leads to a deviation from the proper level of glucose (sugar) in the blood, in which case the person is defined as having Diabetes (Diabetes).

It is known that the proper level of sugar in the blood after an eight-hour fast should be less than 108 mg / dL, while the threshold level is 126 mg / dl.

If a person’s blood glucose level is 126 mg / dL and above, in two or more tests, then that person is diagnosed with diabetes.

How does Diabetes affect blood sugar level?

Types of diabetes
Types of Diabetes are:

1- Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes (juvenile Diabetes / juvenile diabetes) is a disease in which the immune system damages beta cells in the pancreas, for unknown reasons, and it has not yet been determined.

In children, this process of destruction occurs quickly and lasts from a few weeks to a few years, but for adults, it may last for many years.

Type 1 Diabetes may affect a person at any age, but it usually appears in childhood or adolescence.

Many people with Diabetes type 1 are of advanced age, who are diagnosed, wrongly, as Diabetes type 2.

2- Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes (or: type 2 Diabetes / adult diabetes) is a disease in which beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed and destroyed for genetic reasons, most likely, supported by external factors, this process is very slow and will continue for decades.

The likelihood of a person with a healthy weight and good physical fitness and Diabetes is low, even if they have a decrease in insulin secretion.

As for the possibility of developing a fat person who is not physically active in diabetes, it is a great possibility, given that he is more vulnerable to developing "insulin resistance" and thus diabetes.

It is the most common, it can appear at any age, as statistics indicate that the number of people with type 2 Diabetes in the world has recorded a very large increase in recent decades, reaching about 150 million people, and is expected to rise to 330 million people with the disease Diabetes, until 2025. Fortunately, it is often preventable and avoidable.



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مصدر الموضوع : كولكشن العراق - قسم الموضوع : Medicine in English


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