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Things that require cholecystectomy

The gallbladder is a small sac-like organ in the upper right part of the abdomen. The gallbladder collects and stores bile, which is a liquid produced by the liver that

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قديم 06-01-2020, 02:40 PM
Drnasr Drnasr غير متواجد حالياً
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افتراضي Things that require cholecystectomy

The gallbladder is a small sac-like organ in the upper right part of the abdomen. The gallbladder collects and stores bile, which is a liquid produced by the liver that helps break down fatty foods.

Things indicate that the gallbladder must be removed
Gallstones
Limitation of gallstones between the gallbladder and the liver
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Gallstones
Risk factors for gallbladder problems
Complications of gallbladder problems
How to perform cholecystectomy
Recover after cholecystectomy
Recovering after endoscopic surgery
Recover after open surgery
Side effects and complications after the procedure
Ways to prevent gallbladder problems
Things indicate that the gallbladder must be removed
The gallbladder can suffer damage that needs to be eradicated to avoid serious complications. The following are the most important Things that indicate the need to eradicate the gallbladder.

Gallstones
You may need gallbladder surgery if you have pain or other symptoms caused by gallstones, which are small stones that can form in the gallbladder. It can prevent the outflow of bile and irritate the gallbladder. Common symptoms of gallbladder problems include:

Severe abdominal pain
Severe abdominal pain is the most common problem in a patient with kidney stones. The problem usually worsens after eating, the pain is intermittent, and some people perceive that they suffer from pain caused by gas or reflux. These persistent pain may indicate a gallbladder problem that requires eradication.

Sometimes, the pain reaches the back, shoulders or arms.

Nausea
Symptoms of gallstones are not limited to severe abdominal pain, but can also lead to nausea and vomiting. When these symptoms coincide with abdominal pain, it is necessary to do a gallbladder examination and ensure that it does not have a problem.

pancreatitis
Pancreatitis can be a sign of gallstones, which can move and affect the pancreas, since gallstones are one of the most common causes of acute pancreatitis in adults.

Limitation of gallstones between the gallbladder and the liver
Gallstones can become confined to the cystic duct or bile duct that connects the gallbladder and liver to the intestine, preventing the bile from flowing out of the liver. This situation can be very dangerous, and it is usually necessary to remove the gallbladder - often immediately - to prevent complications. This is usually done laparoscopically, through small incisions in the abdomen.

Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholecystitis usually occurs as a result of gallstones, and can lead to fever, pain, nausea, and severe complications, depending on the severity of the condition, as the inflammation may be mild or severe.

And can produce some serious complications when this problem occurs, such as gangrene or perforation of the gallbladder, and then the patient needs immediate surgery to remove the gallbladder.

Gallstones
Gallstones can cause bile duct stones, which is the small tube that transports bile from the gallbladder to the intestine.

Gallstones in the bile duct may not cause symptoms for months or even years, but if the bile duct has been infected with stones, it may cause the following symptoms:

Abdominal pain in the upper right.
fever.
Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).
Anorexia.
Nausea and vomiting.
Dark stool color.
When gallstones are suspended in the bile duct, a bacterial infection can occur, and it may spread to the liver and cause biliary cirrhosis and pancreatitis. To avoid this problem, cholecystectomy is required.

Risk factors for gallbladder problems
The risk of gallbladder problems may increase in the following cases:

A family history of gallstones.
Crohn's disease.
Having diabetes.
Having coronary heart disease.
Infection with kidney disease.
High blood fat.
Rapid weight loss.
Obesity.
growing old.
Pregnancy: as prolonged labor during childbirth can damage the gallbladder, which increases the risk of cholecystitis during the following weeks.
Complications of gallbladder problems
Gallbladder problems caused by stones such as cholecystitis and others can lead to a set of complications if they are not eradicated, including:

Bulging of the gallbladder: If the gallbladder is inflamed due to accumulation of bile, it may cause pain, and the risk of infection and tissue death increases.
Tissue death: The gallbladder tissues can die, and gangrene develops, resulting in perforation or bladder burst.
Bile stasis: a rare complication, which is caused by a blockage of the bile duct.
Pancreatic duct obstruction: Gallstones can sometimes pass from the gallbladder to the bile duct, leading to a blockage of the pancreatic duct, and this may cause pancreatitis.
How to perform cholecystectomy
Gallbladder removal helps relieve pain caused by gallbladder problems and avoids serious complications.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually performed, as the doctor makes small incisions by inserting a small video camera and special surgical tools.

Through the camera, the doctor can see the affected area and perform the operation in the abdomen without the need to make a large incision, which reduces the risk of infection and recovery time from the surgical procedure.

Sometimes, the condition may need to have an open cholecystectomy procedure, and the doctor is forced to make a large incision.

Recover after cholecystectomy
The recovery period for cholecystectomy varies according to the method used to perform the surgery, as the doctor will inform the patient of some necessary instructions and procedures during this period.

Recovering after endoscopic surgery
After having a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, most people can leave the hospital on the same day of surgery, and they may need to stay one night in hospital sometimes.

The patient must be comfortable and avoid intense effort for up to two weeks. It may take a recovery period a One to two weeks, then the person can practice daily activities normally.

Recover after open surgery
Recovery from open surgery may take longer. The patient may stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 days after surgery, and it can take full recovery and return to normal activities from 6 to 8 weeks.


Side effects and complications after the procedure
Gallbladder removal is a very common and safe surgical procedure, but some uncommon side effects and complications may occur, including:

Post-cholecystectomy syndrome: Post-cholecystectomy syndrome includes a range of symptoms such as abdominal pain and indigestion that persist after the procedure.
Infection: The chances of infection increase if the open operation is performed more than the scope.
Bleeding: The patient may develop bleeding after the operation, and you should consult a doctor to find out the cause of the bleeding.
Swelling: The area of ​​the procedure may have swelling for a few days after it is performed.
Yellow leakage: one of the health problems that can result from the operation and necessitates visiting a doctor.
Bile duct damage: bile duct damage can also occur, which is a rare complication.
Damage to the intestine, intestine or blood vessels: These complications are considered serious and require medical attention.
Deep vein thrombosis or blood clots.
Heart problems.
Pneumonia.
Ways to prevent gallbladder problems
Some measures help prevent the risk of gallbladder problems, including:

Following a healthy diet: You should pay attention to eating the three meals during the day and choose healthy foods and avoid unhealthy foods such as fats and sugars.
Attention to exercise: Regular exercise should be done to maintain weight and general health, and sport helps to lose excess weight and get rid of obesity that increases the risk of gallstones.
Avoid rapid weight loss: Also, rapid weight loss can increase the risk of gallstones, and therefore a healthy diet for weight loss is recommended, and it is best to follow up with a nutritionist to choose the appropriate regimen.
مصدر الموضوع : كولكشن العراق - قسم الموضوع : Medicine in English


Things that require cholecystectomy

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